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Australian Football League - Wikipedia
Victorian gold rush South Melbourne's "Canvas Town" provided temporary accommodation for the thousands of migrants who arrived each week during the s gold rush.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid sparked a gold rushand Melbourne, the colony's major port, experienced rapid growth. Within months, the city's population had nearly doubled from 25, to 40, inhabitants. In the aftermath of the Eureka Rebellionmass public-support for the plight of the miners resulted in major political changes to the colony, including improvements in working conditions across mining, agriculture, manufacturing and other local industries. At least twenty nationalities took part in the rebellion, giving some indication of immigration flows at the time.
The layout of the inner suburbs on a largely one-mile grid pattern, cut through by wide radial boulevards and parklands surrounding the central city, was largely established[ by whom? These areas rapidly filled with the ubiquitous terrace houses, as well as with detached houses and grand mansions, while some of the major roads developed as shopping streets. Melbourne quickly became a major finance centre, home to several banks, the Royal Mintand in Australia's first stock exchange.
Members of the Melbourne Football Club codified Australian football in and inthe first Melbourne Cup race was held.
Melbourne acquired its first public monument, the Burke and Wills statue, in With the gold rush largely over byMelbourne continued to grow on the back of continuing gold-mining, as the major port for exporting the agricultural products of Victoria especially wool and with a developing manufacturing sector protected by high tariffs.
An extensive radial railway network spread into the countryside from the late s. Construction started on further major public buildings in the s and s, such as the Supreme CourtGovernment Houseand the Queen Victoria Market. The central city filled up with shops and offices, workshops, and warehouses. Large banks and hotels faced the main streets, with fine townhouses in the east end of Collins Street, contrasting with tiny cottages down laneways within the blocks.
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Land boom and bust[ edit ] Lithograph of the World Heritage -listed Royal Exhibition Buildingbuilt to host the Melbourne International Exhibition of The s was a decade of extraordinary growth, when consumer confidence, easy access to credit, and steep increases in land prices led to an enormous amount of construction.
During this 'land boom', Melbourne reputedly became the richest city in the world,  and the largest after London in the British Empire.
Australia - Wikipedia
In a telephone exchange was established and in the same year the foundations of St Paul'swere laid; in electric light was installed in the Eastern Market, and in the following year a generating station capable of supplying 2, incandescent lamps was in operation.
Governor Phillip departed the colony for England on 11 Decemberwith the new settlement having survived near starvation and immense isolation for four years.
He raided farms until Governor Macquarie dispatched troops from the British Army 46th Regiment in and ended the conflict by killing 14 Indigenous Australians in a raid on their campsite. The first and only major convict uprising in Australian history suppressed under martial lawthe rebellion ended in a battle fought between convicts and the colonial forces of Australia at Rouse Hill.
Conflicts arose between the governors and the officers of the Rum Corps, many of which were land owners such as John Macarthur. In the early years, drought and disease caused widespread problems, but the situation soon improved.
The military colonial government was reliant on the army, the New South Wales Corps.
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Macquarie served as the last autocratic Governor of New South Walesfrom to and had a leading role in the social and economic development of Sydney which saw it transition from a penal colony to a budding free society.
He established public works, a bankchurches, and charitable institutions and sought good relations with the Aborigines. Over the course of the 19th-century Sydney established many of its major cultural institutions.
Governor Lachlan Macquarie's vision for Sydney included the construction of grand public buildings and institutions fit for a colonial capital. Macquarie Street began to take shape as a ceremonial thoroughfare of grand buildings. The year was the final year of convict transportation to Sydney, which by this time had a population of 35, Demand for infrastructure to support the growing population and subsequent economic activity led to massive improvements to the city's railway and port systems throughout the s and s.
Sydney's beaches had become popular seaside holiday resorts, but daylight sea bathing was considered indecent until the early 20th century. Sydney, with a population of , then became the state capital of New South Wales.
The Great Depression of the s had a severe effect on Sydney's economy, as it did with most cities throughout the industrial world. For much of the s up to one in three breadwinners was unemployed. Construction work was carried out at the stadium as the s progressed, culminating in the building of the now heritage listed Sir Kenneth Luke stand.Au Dating Plus Game Clip 28
The Queen, Elizabeth II was a guest at the game and officially opened the stadium to the public. The Grand Final between traditional rivals Carlton and Collingwood, arguably the league's most famous game which saw Carlton recover from a point deficit at half-time to win the game by ten points, featured a famous spectacular mark by Alex Jesaulenkoand was witnessed by a record crowd ofThe event was mostly played on Tuesday nights, with night games at Norwood Oval in Adelaide, and all games were televised live in colour on Channel 9which opened up unprecedented revenue streams from television rights and sponsorship opportunities for the sport.
In Novemberthe VFL announced that it was withdrawing from the NFL's competition, having arranged more substantial television and sponsorship deals for its own Night Series for to be based in Melbourne and feature only the VFL clubs. Light towers were erected at VFL Park specifically for the event. The size of the competition was reduced fromand thereafter only the top two or three teams from the SANFL and WAFL and the winner of the minor states' annual carnival were invited.
The competition was pushed earlier into the year, with the final played on 28 April.
The Night Series is generally considered to be of equivalent importance as the pre-season competition and the VFL Night Series —and records relating to the three competitions are often combined. With the number of players recruited from country leagues increasing, the wealthier VFL clubs were gaining an advantage that metropolitan zoning and the Coulter law salary cap restricting player payments had prevented in the past.
Country zoning was introduced in the late s, and while it pushed Essendon and Geelong from the top of the ladder, it created severe inequality during the s and s.